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Now that World AIDS day is over, there are several things that need to be done.  Action is important in this fight against AIDS as well.  Both by the community and leaders.

1.)   Improved Communication Regarding Risk factors

-      Risk factors as sexual activity, tattoos, IV drug use and others must be discussed

2.)   Increased Testing

-      Routine or yearly testing as indicated with risk factors

3.)   Improved Access to Testing

-      Access to free screening when available
-      Increased volunteer work in countries more ravaged by AIDS

4.)   Awareness of Disease

-      AIDS awareness day
-      Teaching of AIDS has increased dramatically over the past 2 decades
-      Knowledge about contraction, prevention, and treatment should be increasing
-      2 million people in 2008 died from AIDS
-      According to the CDC,  In a recent study of men who have sex with men (MSM) in five U.S cities, 46% of the black MSM were HIV-positive and 67% of those men were unaware of their infection [1].

5.)   Improved Cultural Awareness and Sensitivity regarding Risk Factors

-      Some prevention may go against certain culture norms
-      Improved understanding of culture concerns
-      Senisitivity in those countries and a discussion about risk vs benefit

6.)   Decrease of Gender and Age Inequalities

-     Africa has over 14 million AIDS orphans.
-     Almost 90% of children with AIDS live in Africa

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7.)   Understand Concern for Racial Risks

At the end of 2006 there were an estimated 1.1 million people living with HIV infection in the U.S, of which almost half (46%) were black/African American (2)

Acording to the CDC:    HIV infection is
-      the leading cause of death for black women (including African American women) aged 25–34 years.
-      the 3rd leading cause of death for black women aged 35–44 years.
-      the 4th leading cause of death for black women aged 45–54 years.
-      the 4th leading cause of death for Hispanic women aged 35–44 years.

Hispanics/Latinos* comprise 15% of the U.S. population but accounted for 17% of all new HIV infections occurring in the United States in 2006 (3,4)

Of the 475,220 persons living with HIV/AIDS, 2,996 (0.6%) were Asians and Pacific Islanders (5)

8.)   Improved access to Care

-      Care is essential to those who have been diagnosed with AIDs
-      Treatment facilities, access to medications, Drug trials and more are available

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9.)   Increase Research

-      Research into HIV and AIDS is ongoing
-      Increased funding is necessary

10.)   New Medications

-      Several medications are available that have improved the outcome of HIV patients
-      Additional medications and possible vaccines are currently under investigation

Treatment of HIV/AIDs  and the several  complications is quite difficult

Take a look at the complications for treatment options:

-   Kaposi’s Sarcoma
-   AIDS Dementia Complex
-   Pneumocystis Pneumonia
-   Tuberculosis
-   and many others

References:

1 – CDC. HIV Prevalence Estimates — United States, 2006. MMWR 2008; 57: 1073-1076.

2 – CDC. HIV prevalence, unrecognized infection and HIV testing among men who sex with men-five U.S. cities, June 2004-April 2005 — United States, 2005. MMWR 2005; 54: 597-601.

3 – USA QuickFacts, U.S. Census Bureau. Accessed June 15, 2009.

4 – Hall I, Song R, Rhodes P, Prejean J, An Q, Lee L.M, et al. Estimation of HIV Incidence in the United States. JAMA 2008; 300: 520-529.

5 – CDC. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2005. Vol. 17. Rev ed. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC: 2007:1–46. Accessed June 28, 2007.

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One Response to “10 Workable Changes in the Fight Against and Treatment for AIDS/HIV”

  1. ran135 Says:

    I recently went and got tested for the first time. I will graduate from high school this year. We’ve talked about int in school. I think it is a good thing.

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