1.)Â Â Improved Communication Regarding Risk factors
-Â Â Â Â Â Risk factors as sexual activity, tattoos, IV drug use and others must be discussed
2.)Â Â Increased Testing
-Â Â Â Â Â Routine or yearly testing as indicated with risk factors
3.)Â Â Improved Access to Testing
-Â Â Â Â Â Access to free screening when available
-Â Â Â Â Â Increased volunteer work in countries more ravaged by AIDS
4.)Â Â Awareness of Disease
-Â Â Â Â Â AIDS awareness day
-Â Â Â Â Â Teaching of AIDS has increased dramatically over the past 2 decades
-Â Â Â Â Â Knowledge about contraction, prevention, and treatment should be increasing
-Â Â Â Â Â 2 million people in 2008 died from AIDS
-Â Â Â Â Â According to the CDC,Â In a recent study of men who have sex with men (MSM) in five U.S cities, 46% of the black MSM were HIV-positive and 67% of those men were unaware of their infection .
5.)Â Â Improved Cultural Awareness and Sensitivity regarding Risk Factors
-Â Â Â Â Â Some prevention may go against certain culture norms
-Â Â Â Â Â Improved understanding of culture concerns
-Â Â Â Â Â Senisitivity in those countries and a discussion about risk vs benefit
6.)Â Â Decrease of Gender and Age Inequalities
-Â Â Â Â Africa has over 14 million AIDS orphans.
-Â Â Â Â Almost 90% of children with AIDS live in Africa
7.)Â Â Understand Concern for Racial Risks
At the end of 2006 there were an estimated 1.1 million people living with HIV infection in the U.S, of which almost half (46%) were black/African American (2)
Acording to the CDC:Â Â Â HIV infection is
-Â Â Â Â Â the leading cause of death for black women (including African American women) aged 25â€“34 years.
-Â Â Â Â Â the 3rd leading cause of death for black women aged 35â€“44 years.
-Â Â Â Â Â the 4th leading cause of death for black women aged 45â€“54 years.
-Â Â Â Â Â the 4th leading cause of death for Hispanic women aged 35â€“44 years.
Hispanics/Latinos* comprise 15% of the U.S. population but accounted for 17% of all new HIV infections occurring in the United States in 2006 (3,4)
Of the 475,220 persons living with HIV/AIDS, 2,996 (0.6%) were Asians and Pacific Islanders (5)
8.)Â Â Improved access to Care
-Â Â Â Â Â Care is essential to those who have been diagnosed with AIDs
-Â Â Â Â Â Treatment facilities, access to medications, Drug trials and more are available
9.)Â Â Increase Research
-Â Â Â Â Â Research into HIV and AIDS is ongoing
-Â Â Â Â Â Increased funding is necessary
10.)Â Â New Medications
-Â Â Â Â Â Several medications are available that have improved the outcome of HIV patients
-Â Â Â Â Â Additional medications and possible vaccines are currently under investigation
Treatment of HIV/AIDsÂ and the severalÂ complications is quite difficult
Take a look at the complications for treatment options:
1 – CDC. HIV Prevalence Estimates â€” United States, 2006. MMWR 2008; 57: 1073-1076.
2 – CDC. HIV prevalence, unrecognized infection and HIV testing among men who sex with men-five U.S. cities, June 2004-April 2005 â€” United States, 2005. MMWR 2005; 54: 597-601.
3 – USA QuickFacts, U.S. Census Bureau. Accessed June 15, 2009.
4 – Hall I, Song R, Rhodes P, Prejean J, An Q, Lee L.M, et al. Estimation of HIV Incidence in the United States. JAMA 2008; 300: 520-529.
5 – CDC. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2005. Vol. 17. Rev ed. Atlanta: US Department of Health and Human Services, CDC: 2007:1â€“46. Accessed June 28, 2007.
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