It can lead to nodule formation and fibrosis of the Liver.
Serious medical condition that is generally unable to reverse.
Has several different causes that lead to Cirrhosis
One of the top leading causes of death in the US about 1-2% of all deaths.
Divided into micronodular, macronodular, and mixed forms.
Causes the liver to loose its function such as: metabolism of nutrients, bile production, and detoxification of blood along with other functions.
3 Main Clinical features:
1.) Hepatic cell dysfunction
2.) Portosystemic shunting
3.) Portal hypertension
Causes of Cirrhosis:
– Alcoholic liver disease
– Primary and Secondary Bilary Cirrhosis
– Drug induced liver disease
– Many others
– Weight loss
– Abdominal pain
– Enlarged liver (70%)
– Enlarged spleen fever
– and others.
Varices are common with portal hypertension
liver biopsy may be appropriate.
– Stop consuming alcohol
– Diet change
– Loss of weight
– Diuretic: Spironolactone
– Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for variceal bleeding that has no improvement with tradition means (endoscopic band ligation or sclerotherapy)
– Antibiotics when necessary
– Liver Transplant