Echocardiogram is a procedure to look closely at the Heart. It can also be called a Cardio ECHO or a sonogram of the heart.
It is a test to evaluate the Cardiovascular function of someone along with the Pulmonary Circulation . It is essentially a specialized ultrasound of the heart and it uses techniques to form a two-dimensional image of the heart.
The picture is much more specialized and advanced over an X-ray. Some new technology allows a 3D view.
The Echo is performed by a trained cardiac sonographers or Cardiologists and is often very useful in detecting Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Is considered mostly a non-invasive procedure and doesn’t involve any breaking of the skin or entering a body cavity [except the alternate form discussed below].
– Detects Cardiovascular Diseases
– Imaging the heart
– Assess the velocity of blood and tissue
– Determines size of heart
– Assess cardiac valves functionality
– Possible leaking of blood through valves
– Evaluation of ejection fraction
– While laying on back or left side
– Typically you start on your back and may be asked to roll onto your left side
– A gel will be placed on your chest
– Echocardiography Transducer or probe is placed on Chest Wall
– Ultrasound takes images through the skin
Risks or Side Effects
1.) Transthoracic Echocardiogram
– This is the standard type
2.) Transoesophageal Echocardiogram
– Alternative way for the Echocardiogram
– A probe containing a ultrasound transducer
– Probe is passed through the esophagus
– Doppler image can then be recorded.
3.) 3 – Dimensional Echocardiography
– Ultrasound probe plus a specialized transducer