This can be seen in ovaries, abdomen, pelvis, and in other locations.
The most common location appears to be the ovaries.
The medical cause is referred to as “retrograde menstruation“.
However the course and complete cause are not well understood.
Symptoms are often more pronounced during menstrual period.
This condition can be seen in approximately 8-10% of women.
This condition often affects those of reproductive age.
*** There is an increase risk of Infertility in women with endometriosis.
-Â Â Â Pelvic pain that can be extreme
-Â Â Â Infertility
-Â Â Â Rectal pain
-Â Â Â Vaginal bleeding
-Â Â Â Painful menstrual periodÂ [dysmenorrhea]
-Â Â Â Pain during sexual activityÂ [dyspareunia]
-Â Â Â Pain during urinationÂ [dysuria]
-Â Â Â Nausea
-Â Â Â Fatigue
-Â Â Â Constipation
-Â Â Â and others
Laparoscopy and tissue biopsy are often more helpful.
Treatment is often hormonal in nature
Â·Â Â Â Â Â GnRH products: nafarelin nasal spray or leuprolide acetate
Â·Â Â Â Â Â Danzol [4-6 months]
Â·Â Â Â Â Â Oral contraceptives
Â·Â Â Â Â Â Medroxyprogesterone acetate + oral estrogen or estradiol valerate [6-9 months]
Â·Â Â Â Â Â NSAIDS
Â·Â Â Â Â Â Other Analgesics