Is  condition with specific inflammation to the myocardium

The myocardium is the muscular part of the heart.

Typical cause agents include: fungal, bacterial, viral or parasitic in origin.

Toxins and drugs can be factors as well

Viral Causes
   •    Enterovirus
•    Coxsackie Virus
•    Rubella Virus
•    Polio Virus
•    Adenovirus
•    Cytomegalovirus
•    Possibly Hepatitis
•    Herpes
•    Others

Bacterial Causes
•    Brucellosis
•    Haemophilus influenzae
•    Meningococcus
•    Vibrio cholerae
•    Staphylococcus
•    Streptococcus
•    Rickettsial
•    Corynebacterium diphtheriae
•    Tropheryma whipplei
•    Vibrio cholerae

Fungal Causes
   •    Actinomyces
•    Aspergillus
•    Candida

Parasite and Protozoal Causes
•    Schistoma
•    Trichinella
•    Toxoplasmosis

ECG may show some abnormalities.

Biopsy of heart tissue is essential for diagnosis.   This is accomplished by angiography.

MRI may be helpful

Symptoms and Signs
-    Fever
-    Difficulty breathing
-    Chest pain
-    Chest discomfort
-    Heart failure
-    Sweating
-    Fast heart beat

Treatment
•         Antibacterial treatment
•         Antimicrobial treatment
•         Heart failure treatment
•         ACE Inhibitors    (Captopril, Lisinopril)
•         Control underlying arrhythmia
•         Cardiac transplant may be necessary

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