Sleep Apnea is an upper airway condition seen during sleep where the pharynx closes slightly during inspiration.

Can also called – Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Breathing is interrupted while you sleep, and the result is long pauses in-between breathes.

The individual may wake immediately while taking a gasping breath and may be followed by loud snoring.

Episodes reoccur throughout the night and happen almost every night.

The individual typically will not remember waking and suffers through fatigue and exhaustion the following day.

For diagnosis – an overnight sleep study is often required that measures oxygen saturation and breathing as you sleep.

When seen in children – symptoms often seen are hyperactivity and problems at school.

OSA affects around 5% of adults and 2% of children.

Three primary forms:

1.)  Obstructive

2.)  Central

3.)  Combination of both

 

Risk factors

  • Alcohol consumption prior to sleeping
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Family history
  • Obesity
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Smoking
  • Allergies
  • Enlarged Tonsils
  • Middle age men

Symptoms

  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Weight gain
  • Impotence
  • Snoring
  • Restlessness while asleep
  • Depression

Oxygen saturation falls dramatically while on a sleep study

Treatment

  • Weight loss
  • Lifestyle changes
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Mouth pieces
  • Nasal continuous positive airway pressure [CPAP]
  • Surgical procedure
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