A Subarachnoid Hemorrhage is whenÂ there is bleeding into the outer space around the brain.
Their is a space between the brain and tissues that cover the brain – this area is called the subarachnoid space.
On the outer portion of the brain area is the pia mater and the tissues is called arachnoid membrane.
This can occur following a hemorrhagic stroke.
Symptoms and complications can occur very quickly and this diagnosis is considered a medical emergency
Occurs in less than 10% of all strokes.
-Â Â Â Head trauma
-Â Â Â Brain aneurysm
-Â Â Â Tumors
-Â Â Â Bleeding disorders
-Â Â Â Excessive use of blood thinners (overdose)
-Â Â Â Cocaine abuse
-Â Â Â Unknown
In the elderly, falls can be a large cause of such bleeding in the brain.
Motor Vehicle Accidents (MVA) is another large component of head trauma
-Â Â Â Headache
-Â Â Â Stiff neck
-Â Â Â Nausea
-Â Â Â Vomiting
-Â Â Â Confusion
-Â Â Â Loss of consciousness
-Â Â Â Changes in blood pressure
-Â Â Â Seizures
-Â Â Â Coma
-Â Â Â Death
CT scan of brain is extremely helpful
Lumbar puncture may be helpful in some cases.
-Â Â Â Emergency room management
-Â Â Â Blood pressure control
-Â Â Â CraniotomyÂ (Cutting a hole in the skull)
-Â Â Â Neurosurgeon