Aplastic Anemia is a serious medical condition that involves Bone Marrow. In this condition the individual is unable to make enough red blood cells to replace the “old” or “damaged” Red Blood Cells (RBCs).
“Aplasia” – means that it doesn’t properly function.
“Anemia” – is a decrease of hemoglobin in the blood.
Typically the white blood cells, platelets, and red blood cells will be low when blood work is done. If this disease is left untreated the results are very poor with death often within 6 months to 1 year.
Treatment is very helpful and the prognosis can be quite well. Relapses can occur and when they do, this can become very concerning. Sometimes, more aggressive treatment is required.
– Low blood counts
– Prone to infection
– Autoimmune disease [white blood cells attack the bone marrow]
– Exposure to toxins
– Exposure to certain medications
– Exposure to radiation
– Acute viral hepatitis
– Blood work is helpful
– Bone marrow biopsy is essential
– X-ray or CT – may be helpful
Immune system modulators
– anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG)
– anti-lymphocyte globulin (ALG)
Bone marrow transplant – in severe cases
*** Marie Curie – was exposed to radiation for her scientific research died from aplastic anemia.