Ascites is a medical complication, often from another medical condition, when there is a pooling of fluid into the abdomen.
It can also be referred to as an accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity or hydroperitoneum
This abnormality can be seen in:
The diagnosis of Ascites can be done by:
– Blood work
– Fluid removal by a needle
– CT exam may be useful to determine cause as well.
– Fluid removal by needle
– Often done to analyze the fluid itself
– Can help determine the cause of the ascities.
Categories: “Transudate” and “Exudate“
– Due to an increase in pressure.
– Can be seen in Cirrhosis
– Can be seen in Portal hypertension
– Due to an increase in protein.
– Can be seen in Inflammation
– Can be seen in malignancy
– Distention of abdomen
– Shortness of breath
– Abdominal bloating or “heavyness”
– Leg swelling
– Chronic Fatigue
– Weight loss
– Weight gain
Often dependent on the cause agent, but may include:
1.) Fluid removal [Parancentesis]
2.) Diuretic Medication:
3.) Water restriction
4.) Liver Transplant [ In some cases]
5.) Shunting [Liver]