Botox is a medicine that can be referred to as Onabotulinumtoxin and it is made from a bacterium that causes botulism.

It is used for a various number of cosmetic and medical procedures.

Botulinum or botox can be absorbed near the eyes, mucous membranes, respiratory tract or non-intact portions of the skin.

This toxin has been sterilized and is purified botulinum toxin type A.

This toxin blocks nerves in the body leading to activity of muscles.

The activity of the muscles is subsequently reduced dramatically.

Botox should be given by a trained provider.

Higher amount of botox does not mean improved outcome.

Improvement of this medication is temporary and symptoms often return.

 

History

Botox was first used for wrinkles around the eye in 1989.

Uses:

1.)  Dystonia  severe muscle spasms of the neck

2.)  Muscle Spasms

3.)  Underarm sweating [excessive]

4.)  Nerve disorders that cause severe eye muscle movement

5.)  Uncontrolled blinking

Cosmetic uses

1.) Lessens appearance of facial wrinkles

2.)  Others

How it is given:

–  Injected directly into muscle

–  Injections spaced 3 months apart

–  May be given into more than one area at a time

–  Should be given by a medical provider trained to give injections

–  May take days to weeks to become affective

Possible Complications

–  Toxin can move to other locations of the body other than where it was injected

–  Can cause life threatening side effects

 

Abnormal symptoms include:

–  Difficulty swallowing

–  Difficulty breathing

–  Loss of bladder control

–  Change in voice

–  Drooping eyes

–  Changes in vision

–  Muscle weakness

–  and others

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