What to Eat and Not Eat During Pregnancy

Food is some of the most complicated decisions during Pregnancy not only because your taste buds change, but you become far more picky, and even if it is in the back of your mind, you want to try to eat as healthy as possible. This may be the real battle during your pregnancy, Nutrition in Pregnancy.

But what is good and what is bad?  This is an evolving discussion of Women’s Health

The advice given from this question can vary depending on who answers you. A grandmother may say something far different that your nutritionist. Your family and friends may point you in one direction, but your Zumba instructor may say something completely different.

Of course, food is important but so is Exercise During Pregnancy, proper sleep, and following the Doctor’s orders.

Let’s try to piece some things together to help navigate this field.

Let’s take a look at some conventional wisdom when it comes to food:

 

1.)  Foods to Avoid

  • Image result for raw eggsRaw Eggs: eating raw eggs can cause severe sickness. Salmonella is a bacterium that can cause fever, vomiting, and diarrhea.
  • Raw Eggs can be found in raw cookie dough, uncooked scrambled eggs, some dressings, and more.
  • Raw Meat: This is harder to guess at – cooked meat is typically fine – but what if you like it on the rare side.
  • Raw Meat: Typically minimally have your meat cooked to Medium.
  • Sushi:  When raw fish is involved – it is not safe.
  • Sushi:  the California roll and other cooked items are typically perfectly safe – just have them served on a different plate.
  • Some cooked fish:  including shark, sword fish and others   (Salmon, fresh water fish and others are typically safe)
  • Image result for smoked salmonSmoked Seafood:  Although cooked – can harbor some bacteria and should be avoided.
  • Raw Selfish: Avoid Oysters, Clams, Mussels, and other such seafood.
  • Unpasteurized Juice: examples are cider from road side or farm stands
  • Unpasteurized Milk
  • Pate: Can harbor certain bacteria that can be harmful.
  • Alcohol: Many experts will discuss this differently – minimal use vs moderate use.
  • Alcohol: The current recommendations are to avoid alcohol.
  • Some Fruits:  Papaya, Pineapple, and Grapes

 

2.)  Foods that can be eaten in small amounts

 

  • Image result for coffeeCaffeine: often small amounts is best though many different studies have said many different things
  • Caffeine: current studies show about 2-3 cups of coffee a day as the limit.
  • Diet Soda: Typically seen as safe during pregnancy – but saccharin does cross into the placenta
  • Hot dogs: Large amount of Nitrate rich hot dogs – eat in moderation – always eat cooked
  • Bacon:  Eat in Moderation
  • Sausage: Eat in Moderation

Image result for food during pregnancy

 

3.)  Foods that you can eat

  • Soft Cheeses:  Brie, Feta, and Gorgonzola  (If made with pasteurized milk)
  • Soft Cheeses:  Most cheeses made in the U.S – use pasteurized milk
  • Soft Cheeses:  If you love cheese from other countries – then added care must be made
  • Deli Meat:  Can be eaten only if you place in microwave until meat is steaming
  • Image result for Fresh VeggiesFresh Veggies:  Lots and Lots of Vegetables are essential
  • Fresh Veggies:  Make sure you wash and rewash all vegetables that have been in dirt or similar
  • Beans:  High protein foods – very healthy and good.
  • Salmon: As long as cooked properly – but no more than 12 ounces a week  (This includes tuna and pollock)
  • Fish:  Fish and Seafood needs to reach the temperature of 145 degrees.
  • Greek Yogurt: Great source of probiotics, calcium, and more.
  • Soy Foods: This is a healthy source and good alternative if you don’t eat meat.

 

4.)  Unhealthy Choices 

  • Overeating: This can be with anything – but gorging during pregnancy can lead to other medical problems.
  • Image result for Fast foodExcess Caffeine:  Although somewhat allowed – too much of caffeine can directly affect the fetus
  • Excess Sugar:  This can affect your weight (negatively), your moods, your energy, and your appetite.
  • Excess Fast Food:  This can  also affect your weight (negatively), your moods, your energy, and your appetite.

 

 

 

 

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Should you get the Flu Vaccine – Important Questions Answered

Image result for Flu shotThousands of your neighbors and friends are asking themselves if the Flu Vaccine is right for them. Flu season is just a few sneezes and coughs away. There are hundreds of ads from local pharmacies to hospitals to your own physician telling you to get one.

But some vaccine companies are hoping that you wait and there are plenty of groups telling anyone who will listen, to avoid them completely.

Which is it:  Should you wait or get it tomorrow? Should you even get one in the first place?

The CDC or the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention joined their voices to the barrage to encourage you and your friends to get the vaccine as soon as possible.

Last year, only about 45% of Americans received a flu shot.  A 5% increase in the number would save almost 10,000 hospitalizations.

2 new flu vaccines will be available this year.  One will protect against 4 strains of the influenza virus instead of 3.  Also available are Adjuvant vaccine which is essentially a boost to the effectiveness of the vaccine.

 

A few things to consider:

  • The peak time for flu can change from year to year.
  • Typically the earliest it is seen is October and the latest is May.
  • Last year, the peak time was December, and some reports show that it will likely be similar to this year.
  • Some recommend that you don’t get your flu shot until sometime between Halloween and Thanksgiving
  • But don’t forget – often those who wait even a few extra weeks will forget.
  • The CDC recommends that you get it as soon as possible.
  • Traditional Flu Vaccines protect against 3 flu viruses: Two Influenza A viruses and One Influenza B virus.

Image result for Flu shot

 

Who should get a flu shot?

  • CDC recommends that anyone over 6 months old should get a flu shot.
  • A child under 6 months is not recommended.
  • Don’t get a flu shot if you have a life threatening response to any part of the flu vaccine.
  • Children and the Elderly are highly encouraged.
  • The Flu shot is approved for Pregnant Females and those with Chronic Medical Conditions.
  • The nasal flu vaccine is no longer available – its effectiveness is being questioned.
  • You should talk to your doctor if you have ever had Guillain-Barre Syndrome or GBS
  • It might be discouraged if you aren’t feeling well.

 

How long does it take for the Flu shot to work?

  • It takes the body 2 weeks for antibodies to be produced sufficiently.
  • Antibodies are like guardians against the virus and need to be adequately produces.
  • Immunity is provided by the flu shot
  • Over time, the effectiveness of the shot will become less and less.
  • You could be protected, then over time, that protection becomes less and less.
  • This is seen often in those over 65.

 

Are their risks to wait for the flu shot?

  • The greatest risk is that you won’t get one – Procrastination
  • Availability – pharmacies push for you to get the flu shot because there are plenty at the beginning of the season.
  • That number diminishes over time.
  • There have been a few years where we have run out of flu shots.

 

Image result for Flu shot

If there was a Flu Vaccine shortage – who should be a priority or get the vaccine first?

  • According to the CDC – the following should get them – not necessarily in this order
  • Children between the ages of 6 months and 58 months (4 years).
  • Immunosuppressed – either through medication or by HIV
  • Chronic Lungs Conditions (Pulmonary) such as: Asthma, COPD, Respiratory Failure, and others
  • Chronic Heart Conditions such as: Cardiac Heart Disease, Heart Failure, Enlarged heart, etc. (This doesn’t necessarily include High Blood Pressure or Hypertension alone)
  • Chronic Metabolic Conditions such as: Diabetes
  • Other Chronic Conditions such as kidney problems, hematologic, liver, and neurologic.
  • Women who are or will be pregnant.
  • Those in Nursing Homes or Chronic care facilities
  • Health Care workers
  • Children between age 6 months and 18 months who are on long term Aspirin.
  • Household caregivers of children under 5 and/or for adults 50 and older.
  • Others
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Pregnancy

pregnant-lady

Pregnancy is a very difficult medical condition and in some cases can become a medical emergency.

Learning that you are pregnant can be very fun and exciting or scary and overwhelming.

Read some of the items below to get a better feel of your pregnancy.

Pregnancy

Breech Birth

Bishop Score

Braxton Hicks Contractions

Caesarean Section

Cervical Effacement

Childbirth

Drugs During Pregnancy

Eclampsia

Ectopic Pregnancy

Episiotomy

Exercise During Pregnancy

Fertilization

Folic Acid

Gestational Diabetes

HELLP Syndrome

Placenta Abruption

Placenta Previa

Pre-eclampsia

Pregnancy and Nutrition

 

Check out the following blog articles on or about pregnancy:

To have a C-section or not to have a C-section, that is the question??

What are the changes to a Term Pregnancy?

What is Plan B: Emergency Contraceptive?

Should Birth Control be Available Without a Prescription?

Newborns Suffering With Increase Use of Opioids During Pregnancy?

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