Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection that typically affects the Respiratory Region but can affect other parts of the body as well. It typically begins by inhaling spores from Coccidioides fungi. It is also referred to as Valley Fever.

This spore is often found in semiarid climates such as: The United States, South America, and Central America. The spore was recently found in south-central Washington, Utah, and Nevada.

Many are exposed to the fugal infection through breathing in the spore, but only a small portion becomes sick or affected with adverse symptoms.

Most people will get better on their own, usually after a few weeks to a month. Some patients will not improve and will require treatment. Very rare complications can include spreading of the fungal infection to skin, joints, bone, and brain tissue.

Worse complications are often seen in those patients who also have HIV. Other increased risk includes: Advanced age, Use of Immunosuppressants, Pregnancy, others.

Symptoms of Valley Fever:

–  Cough
–  Fever
–  Breathing changes
–  Voice changes
–  Dry mouth
–  Some Experience Pneumonia with symptoms for months on end


1.)  Cultures (routine or fungal)

2.)  Microscopic examination of specimens.  This is to check for C. immitis spherules

3.)  Blood testing


Antifungal Medications

  –  Diflucan

  –  Fluconazole

  –  Amphotericin  (For more serious symptoms)