Diabetes Mellius Type 1 is one of the few forms of Diabetes Mellitus where insulin production is lowered causing an increase in Glucose (sugar) in the blood.
It is also known as “juvenile“, “childhood“, and “insulin-dependent” diabetes.
It is believed to be possibly a result of an autoimmune disease, a virus, or other causes.
This type of Diabetes is fundamentally different than Diabetes Type 2
Diabetes Type 1
- Pancreas cells are often destroyed that typically produce the insulin.
- Beta cells in the pancreas produce insulin which is essential in metabolism
- Without insulin the blood sugar [glucose] in the blood increases dramatically.
- In many cases, diabetes is first found because large amount of Glucose is found in the urine.
- Individuals with Type 1 diabetes often are quite healthy otherwise and are not typically overweight.
- Children are often affected by Type 1 diabetes, but, adults can also be affected.
- In the United States almost 24 million people suffer from Diabetes and almost 10% of those have been diagnosed with Type 1 – while the other 90% suffer from Type 2
Symptoms of Type 1
- Glucose in urine [Glycosuria]
- Increased frequency to urinate
- Increased thirst
- Weight loss
- Smell of Acetone on breath
- Deep Breathing
- Overall cause is generally unknown
- Genetics play a part
- Viruses – some researches believe may be associated with some individuals
- Antibodies – some researches believe may be associated with some individuals
1.) Hypoglycemia – can be seen following medication
3.) Cardiovascular Disease
4.) Chronic Renal Failure
5.) Blindness or retinal damage
6.) Diabetic Ketoacidosis
7.) Nerve Damage
8.) Difficulty for wound healing
10.) Erectile Dysfunction
- Moderation of caloric intake
- Glycemic index
- Low Carb diet
- Weight loss
Insulin is required
MDI – Multiple daily injections
- Insulin Glargine [Lantus] – Long Acting
- Insulin Lispro [Humalog] – Rapid Acting
- Insulin Aspart [Novolog] – Rapid Acting
- Insulin Detemir [Levemir] – Long Acting
Glucose meters – helps tract and monitor blood sugar levels
- A medical device
- Allows for an alternative to daily injections.
- The device remains on body to administer insulin as needed.
Islet Cell Transplant – is still experimental and is currently being studied
Stem Cell research is ongoing
No cure for diabetes mellitus