Image result for Diabetes Type 1Diabetes Mellius Type 1 is one of the few forms of Diabetes Mellitus where insulin production is lowered causing an increase in Glucose (sugar) in the blood.

It is also known as “juvenile“, “childhood“, and “insulin-dependent” diabetes.

It is believed to be possibly a result of an autoimmune disease, a virus, or other causes.

This type of Diabetes is fundamentally different than Diabetes Type 2

 

Diabetes Type 1

  • Pancreas cells are often destroyed that typically produce the insulin.
  • Beta cells in the pancreas produce insulin which is essential in metabolism
  • Without insulin the blood sugar [glucose] in the blood increases dramatically.
  • In many cases, diabetes is first found because large amount of Glucose is found in the urine.
  • Individuals with Type 1 diabetes often are quite healthy otherwise and are not typically overweight.
  • Children are often affected by Type 1 diabetes, but, adults can also be affected.
  • In the United States almost 24 million people suffer from Diabetes and almost 10% of those have been diagnosed with Type 1 – while the other 90% suffer from Type 2

Symptoms of Type 1

  • Glucose in urine [Glycosuria]
  • Increased frequency to urinate
  • Increased thirst
  • Weight loss
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Stupor
  • Lethargy
  • Smell of Acetone on breath
  • Deep Breathing
  • Anger
  • Confusion

Causes:

  • Overall cause is generally unknown
  • Genetics play a part
  • Viruses – some researches believe may be associated with some individuals
  • Antibodies – some researches believe may be associated with some individuals

Complications

1.)  Hypoglycemia – can be seen following medication
2.)  Hyperglycemia
3.)  Cardiovascular Disease
4.)  Chronic Renal Failure
5.)  Blindness or retinal damage
6.)  Diabetic Ketoacidosis
7.)  Nerve Damage
8.)  Difficulty for wound healing
9.)  Amputation
10.)  Erectile Dysfunction
11.)  Coma
12.)  Death

Treatment

Diabetic Diet

  • Moderation of caloric intake
  • Glycemic index
  • Low Carb diet
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue

Insulin is required

Types:

MDI – Multiple daily injections

  • Insulin Glargine [Lantus] – Long Acting
  • Insulin Lispro [Humalog] – Rapid Acting
  • Insulin Aspart [Novolog] – Rapid Acting
  • Insulin Detemir [Levemir] – Long Acting

Glucose meters – helps tract and monitor blood sugar levels

Insulin pump

  • A medical device
  • Allows for an alternative to daily injections.
  • The device remains on body to administer insulin as needed.

Pancreas Transplant

Islet Cell Transplant – is still experimental and is currently being studied

Stem Cell research is ongoing

No cure for diabetes mellitus

VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0.0/10 (0 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 0 (from 0 votes)