sucrose

Disaccharides

Disaccharides are a complex set of sugars, more complex then monosaccharides, but yet, they are still consider Carbohydrates

A Few Categories of Carbohydrates Include:

Monosaccharides
Polysaccharides
Olgiosaccharides

2 Main Types:

1.)  Reducing Disaccharides

–  Bonded by hydroxyl groups

2.)  Non-reducing Disaccharides

–  Bonded by anometric centers

Additional Information

When two mononsaccharides are formed by a reaction called dehydration reaction – causes glycosidic bond. Glycosidic bonds are also seen in polysaccharides

Bonding may create differences depending on bond placement or bond combination

This may lead to two glucose monosacchardies brought together causing a few different disaccharides.

Examples:

1.)  Sucrose: Glucose + Fructose  [Table Sugar]
2.)  Maltose: Glucose + Glucose
3.)  Lactose: Galactose + Glucose  [Milk Sugar]
4.)  Trehalose: Glucose + Glucose  [different combination than maltose]
5.)  Cellobiose: Glucose + Glucose  [again a different combination

****In addition there are many other less common types

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