diverticulitisDiverticulitis is a disease or condition that occurs within the Large Intestines.

Typically the disease is a progression from another condition called Diverticulosis.

Diverticulosis is out-pockets in the intestines, also referred to as pouches.

When one of these pockets becomes inflamed or infected it is referred to as Diverticulitis

 

Symptoms:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation

 

Causes:

  • Increased colon pressure
  • Lack of fiber
  • Blockage of food particles or other item within the pocket
  • Bacterial infection

 

Diagnosis

  • Blood work

* Leukocytosis or elevated WBC is often seen

  • CT, MRI
  • Abdominal X-ray
  • Colonoscopy – is often done for diagnosis of Diverticulosis but when an infection is present.

 

Treatment

  • Bowel rest

* no oral foods

  • Hospital admission may be necessary
  • IV fluids
  • Antibiotics
  • Surgery – necessary in some cases
  • Dietary change for prevention

***  – some argument has been made over the avoidance of nuts and seeds.  This continues to currently be under discussion.

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