Diverticulosis is also referred to as Diverticular disease and it cccurs when “diverticula” or small outpocketings are found within the colon of the Large Intestines.
The pockets occur in the mucosa and submucosa.
Rectal bleeding is a sign but it is non-specific to this condition only, as rectal bleeding can be seen in some other Gastrointestinal related diseases.
– Often no symptoms are present
– Rectal bleeding
– Abdominal pain
– Abdominal cramping
– A weakness in the muscle layer of the colon wall.
– Increased pressure within colon
– Colonic spasms
– Increased age
– Constipation disease or conditions
– Large or little fiber intake
– Large intake of red meat
– Connective tissue disorder
Often seen in the sigmoid colon, this portion of the colon has increased pressure
– Increase risk or occurrence as age increase
– Less often found under the age of 40.
– Over age 40 in U.S – 10% has this condition
– Commonly found in US, Britain, Australia, Canada
– Less common in Asia and Africa
– Colonoscopy is essential when symptoms are present
– X-ray, CT, MRI are helpful
1.) Diverticulitis – infection in the pockets
2.) Abscess formation
Other organs affected due to complications may be:
1.) Increase hydration
2.) Increase fiber
3.) Avoid certain foods such as:
. Sunflower seeds
. Pumpkin seeds
. Sesame seeds
4.) Foods that don’t require avoidance
. Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
. Metronidazole (Flagyl)
. Cephalexin (Keflex)
– May be required when complications arise
– Drainage of area may be required
– Bowel resection may be required