Diverticulosis is also referred to as Diverticular disease and it occurs when “diverticula” or small out-pocketing are found within the colon of the Large Intestines.
The pockets occur in the mucosa and submucosa.
Rectal bleeding is a sign but it is non-specific to this condition only, as rectal bleeding can be seen in some other Gastrointestinal related diseases.
– Often no symptoms are present
– Rectal bleeding
– Abdominal pain
– Abdominal cramping
– A weakness in the muscle layer of the colon wall.
– Increased pressure within the colon
– Colonic spasms
– Increased age
– Constipation disease or conditions
– Large or little fiber intake
– Large intake of red meat
– Connective tissue disorder
Often seen in the sigmoid colon, this portion of the colon has increased pressure
– Increase risk or occurrence as age increase
– Less often found under the age of 40.
– Over the age of 40 in the U.S – 10% has this condition
– Commonly found in the US, Britain, Australia, Canada
– Less common in Asia and Africa
– Colonoscopy is essential when symptoms are present
– X-ray, CT, MRI can be helpful in some cases.
1.) Diverticulitis – an infection in the pockets
2.) Abscess formation
Other organs affected due to complications may be:
1.) Increase hydration
2.) Increase fiber
3.) Avoid certain foods such as:
. Sunflower seeds
. Pumpkin seeds
. Sesame seeds
4.) Foods that don’t require avoidance
. Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
. Metronidazole (Flagyl)
. Cephalexin (Keflex)
– May be required when complications arise
– Drainage of area may be required
– Bowel resection may be required