Diverticulosis is also referred to as Diverticular disease and it occurs when “diverticula” or small out-pocketing are found within the colon of the Large Intestines.

The pockets occur in the mucosa and submucosa.

Rectal bleeding is a sign but it is non-specific to this condition only, as rectal bleeding can be seen in some other Gastrointestinal related diseases.

Therefore, further testing is often required when rectal bleeding is present to rule out other conditions such as: Hemorrhoids and Colon Cancer.


–  Often no symptoms are present
–  Rectal bleeding
–  Abdominal pain
–  Abdominal cramping
–  Diarrhea
–  Constipation

Potential Causes:

–  A weakness in the muscle layer of the colon wall.
–  Increased pressure within the colon
–  Colonic spasms

Risk Factors

–  Increased age
–  Constipation disease or conditions
–  Large or little fiber intake
–  Large intake of red meat
–  Connective tissue disorder


Often seen in the sigmoid colon, this portion of the colon has increased pressure

Those affected

–  Increase risk or occurrence as age increase
–  Less often found under the age of 40.
–  Over the age of 40 in the U.S – 10% has this condition
–  Commonly found in the US, Britain, Australia, Canada
–  Less common in Asia and Africa

diverticulosis II


–  Colonoscopy is essential when symptoms are present
–  X-ray, CT, MRI can be helpful in some cases.

Potential Complications

1.)  Diverticulitis – an infection in the pockets

2.)  Abscess formation

3.)  Sepsis

4.)  Fistula

5.)  Enterolith

6.)  others

Other organs affected due to complications may be:

1.)  Bladder


Dietary changes

1.)  Increase hydration

2.)  Increase fiber

3.)  Avoid certain foods such as:

.  Nuts
.  Popcorn
.  Sunflower seeds
.  Pumpkin seeds
. Sesame seeds

4.)  Foods that don’t require avoidance

. Tomatoes
. Zucchini
. Strawberries
. Raspberries
. others

5.)  Medications

Ciprofloxacin  (Cipro)
Metronidazole  (Flagyl)
Cephalexin  (Keflex)

6.)  Surgery

–  May be required when complications arise
–  Drainage of area may be required
–  Bowel resection may be required