Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a condition that affects the ability of the mind to read but where the intelligence of the person is often normal.

This condition is seen with varying levels of Dyslexia, where some individuals are only slightly affected while others are significant.

Often cases of this condition run in families, which means there is likely a genetic component. Also, dyslexia occurs in people who also have a diagnosis of ADHD  (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). This isn’t always a case, but it can happen.

The initial symptoms or problems are seen with children that are school-aged. It can “occur” in adults following Stroke, Brain Injury, and/or Dementia.

Dyslexia affects approximately 3-7% of the world population.

A Variety of Problems may be seen:

–  Pronouncing words
–  Spelling words
–  Reading quickly
–  Writing words
–  Sounding words out – inside the head
–  Understanding what is read

Alexia

–  This is the medical term for someone who previously read, loses their ability to read.
–  A normal desire to learn is typical but the functional aspect can be harder.
–  Emotional problems, self-doubt, anger, and other problems can arise from the difficulty with this condition.

Causes:

1.)  Environmental Factors

2.)  Genetic Factors

3.)  Others

Image result for dyslexia

Symptoms

–  Learning difficulty
–  Anger when reading
–  Slower speech pattern
–  Easily distracted by background noise
–  Learns new words slowly
–  Difficulty with Nursery Rhymes
–  Difficulty with reading comprehension
–  Difficulty Spelling
–  Others

Diagnosis

–  Series of Tests
–  Memory Tests
–  Spelling Tests
–  Reading Skills

Can be Misdiagnosed as:

–  Hearing problems
–  Vision problems
–  Insufficient Teaching
–  Other Learning Problems

Treatment

–  Adjust Teaching Methods
–  Teach to the person’s needs and severity

There is no cure

Treatment focusing on vision are less successful.

 

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