Echocardiogram is a procedure to look closely at the Heart.

It can also be called a Cardio ECHO or a sonogram of the heart.

It is a test to evaluate the Cardiovascular function of someone along with the Pulmonary Circulation .

Is essential a specialized ultrasound of the heart and it uses techniques to form a two-dimensional image of the heart.

The picture is much more specialized and advanced over an X-ray.

Some new technology allows a 3D view

The Echo is performed by a trained cardiac sonographers or Cardiologists

Is often very useful in detecting Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Is considered mostly a non-invasive procedure and doesn’t involve any breaking of the skin or entering a body cavity [except the alternate form discussed below].

 

Uses:

  • Detects Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Imaging the heart
  • Assess the velocity of blood and tissue
  • Determines size of heart
  • Assess cardiac valves functionality
  • Possible leaking of blood through valves
  • Evaluation of ejection fraction

 

The Process

  • While laying on back or left side
  • Typically you start on your back and may be asked to roll onto your left side
  • A gel will be placed on your chest
  • Echocardiography Transducer or probe is placed on Chest Wall
  • Ultrasound takes images through the skin

 

Risks or Side Effects

  • Minimal

 

Types

1.)  Transthoracic Echocardiogram

  • Is the standard type

2.)  Transoesophageal Echocardiogram

  • Alternative way for the Echocardiogram
  • A probe containing a ultrasound transducer
  • Probe is passed through the esophagus
  • Doppler image can then be recorded.

3.)  3 – Dimensional Echocardiography

  • Ultrasound probe plus a specialized transducer
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