Echocardiogram is a procedure to look closely at the Heart.
It can also be called a Cardio ECHO or a sonogram of the heart.
Is essential a specialized ultrasound of the heart and it uses techniques to form a two-dimensional image of the heart.
The picture is much more specialized and advanced over an X-ray.
Some new technology allows a 3D view
The Echo is performed by a trained cardiac sonographers or Cardiologists
Is often very useful in detecting Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Is considered mostly a non-invasive procedure and doesn’t involve any breaking of the skin or entering a body cavity [except the alternate form discussed below].
- Detects Cardiovascular Diseases
- Imaging the heart
- Assess the velocity of blood and tissue
- Determines size of heart
- Assess cardiac valves functionality
- Possible leaking of blood through valves
- Evaluation of ejection fraction
- While laying on back or left side
- Typically you start on your back and may be asked to roll onto your left side
- A gel will be placed on your chest
- Echocardiography Transducer or probe is placed on Chest Wall
- Ultrasound takes images through the skin
Risks or Side Effects
1.) Transthoracic Echocardiogram
- Is the standard type
2.) Transoesophageal Echocardiogram
- Alternative way for the Echocardiogram
- A probe containing a ultrasound transducer
- Probe is passed through the esophagus
- Doppler image can then be recorded.
3.) 3 – Dimensional Echocardiography
- Ultrasound probe plus a specialized transducer