h9991281_001The Fallopian Tubes are a passage of tubules for the egg for the Female Reproduction.

Are also known as Uterine Tubes, Salpinges, and Oviducts.

Each fallopian tubes are loosely attached on one end to the Ovaries – while the opposite end attaches to the Uterus.

An egg is released from the Ovary and it most often heads in the direction of the Fallopian Tubes

Fimbria sweep the egg from the ovary into the fallopian tubes.

Within the fallopian tubes are Ciliated Epithelia that pushes the egg from the Ovary to the Uterus.

Typically are 7-14 cm in length

 

4 main regions:

1.)  Infundibulum
2.)  Ampulla
3.)  Isthmus
4.)  Intramural oviduct

 

Function in Fertilization

As the ovum develops in the ovary – it becomes encapsulated in a sac.

The sac is known as an Ovarian Follicle

The egg is pushed towards the Ampula of the Follopian tube.

This is often where the sperm and the egg meet.

Fertilization occurs and the ovum + sperm become Zygote

Five days later – or so – the Zygote implants into the Uterine Wall – the Endrometrium

 

Ectopic Pregnancy

Occasionally the embryo implants into the Fallopian tube instead of the Uterus.

This creates an Ectopic Pregnancy, commonly known as a “tubal pregnancy“.

 

Surgery regarding Fallopian Tubes

The Surgical removal of a Fallopian Tube is called –  Salpingectomy

To remove both sides – Bilateral Salpingectomy

Removal of a Fallopian Tube and at least one Ovary –  Salpingo-Oophorectomy

Restoration of Fallopian Tube Obstruction –  Tuboplasty

 

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