Female Reproduction System

The Female Reproductive System is a complex system that has a goal of fertilization. There are internal and external organs involved. It is a form of sexual reproduction and can result in pregnancy. In some ways it is very simple…yet in others, it is very complex.

There are differences between the female reproduction system and Male Reproduction system.

The egg is the key to female reproduction. The egg is produced in the Ovaries and is released monthly and is an important role in the female reproduction system. The egg descends into the Fallopian Tubes and into the Uterus.

Sperm attaches to the egg either in the fallopian tubes or uterus to allow for pregnancy. Sperm has traveled through the Vagina and Cervix into the uterus and in some cases continues into the fallopian tubes

Fertilization occurs when sperm attaches to the egg and the proper response then follows.

Pregnancy occurs within the female’s uterus and lasts for 9 months.

Ova – female sex cells or gametes are large in size. They are much larger than sperm. These cells mature while in the ovaries.

Oogenesis can be defined as the creation of an ovum.


–  It is a tubular tract that leads from the uterus to the exterior of the female body.
–  Its width and length can stretch during birth and sexual intercourse.
–  The cervix is relatively within the vaginal tract.
–  Bartholin’s glands provide the lubrication for the vagina.

Functions of Vagina

1.)  Sexual activity
2.)  ChildBirth
3.)  Pathway or ending point of menstrual blood


–  It is part of the uterus on the lower portion where it follows into the vagina.
–  It is circular and cylindrical in shape.
–  The function of the cervix is seen for female reproduction.
–  Another function is the pathway during birth and the dilation necessary for birth.
–  Orgasms in some women are related to cervical narrowing.
–  In addition – Secondary sex characteristics begin to develop in a female to allow for breastfeeding, birth, and others


–  During gestation, the fetus acts as the womb to allow for the development of the fetus.
–  The uterus lies between the Ovaries and fallopian tubes on one side and the Cervix and Vagina on the other.
–  As the egg becomes fertilized it attaches to the wall of the uterus
–  The wall becomes the Endometrium – which provides adequate nutrition for a successful implantation
–  The uterus is an organ that during pregnancy can enlarge dramatically.

Fallopian Tubes

–  These are passage tubules for the egg.
–  Typically two fallopian tubes are somewhat attached on one end to a set of ovaries while the other attaches to the Uterus
–  The ovaries are somewhat attached which refers to an open cavity where fimbria rather sweep the egg from the ovary into the fallopian tube.
–  Occasionally the embryo may implant in the fallopian tubes rather than the endometrium of the uterus –  This is called Tubal Pregnancy


–  It is a similar organ as the Testes in the male.
–  These are gonad structures
–  Females have typically 2 ovaries in the pubic region or lower region of the abdomen.
–  Ovaries secrete sex hormones – Progesterone and Estrogen – these hormones help control the sexual organs and characteristics.
–  The monthly menstruation is closely regulated by hormones from the pituitary gland and those found in the ovaries.