Gastritis is when there is an Inflammation in the tissue, skin or lining of the Stomach.

Alcohol and Chronic use of IBU and other NSAIDs top the list as the cause agents.

Coffee is another high risk substance that can cause symptoms of the stomach.

 

Types:

1.)  Acute

–  Erosive gastritis is erosion of the skin.

2.)  Chronic

–  Wide range of problems of the gastric tissue

–  Sometimes the stomach is attacked by one’s own immune system

–  Bile – entering unwelcome into the stomach area.

 

Causes:

– NSAIDS  (Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – ie IBU)
– Alcohol
– Aspirin
– Following surgery or traumatic event
– Infections
Pernicious Anemia
– Autoimmune disorders  (Crohn’s and others)

 

Symptoms:

–  Nausea
–  Vomiting
–  Abdominal pain
–  Abdominal discomfort
–  Indigestion
–  Bloating

 

Helicobacter pylori

–  This is a bacteria that is often found in stomachs of those with gastritis
–  Plays a significant role throughout the world
–  Can be found in chronic cases

Gastritis Assessment and Nursing Diagnosis

 

Treatment

–  Antacids that can be found OTC

H2-Receptor Antagonists

Cimetidine [Tagamet]
Ranitidine [Zantac]
Famotidine [Pepcid]
Nizatidine [Tazac, Axid]

Proton Pump Inhibitors

Omeprazole [Prilosec]
Lansoprazole [Prevacid]
Esomeprazole [Nexium]
Pantoprazole [Protonix]
Rabeprazole [Aciphex]
Dexlansoprazole [Kapidex]

Sucralfate

Misoprostol

Bismuth subsalicylate

Often by stopping to take NSAIDs or Aspirin can be beneficial

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