It may be called the flu of the stomach, but it doesn’t have anything to do with Influenza virus or the Human Flu. The most common symptom is diarrhea.
In 2015, more than 2 billion cases of Gastroenteritis were seen worldwide. Over 1 million deaths resulted. Often those that are most affected are children and those in the developing world are affected the most.
Symptoms of Gastroenteritis:
– Stomach pain
– Stomach cramping
– Decreased of loss of appetite
– Blood in stools
– Young children may have loss of weight, racing heartbeat, skin color changes and shock symptoms
Causes of Symptoms:
5.) other causes
Virus are the most common cause
Types of Viruses:
– Norovirus – 50% of cases
– Rotavirus – 20% of cases – often seen in children
Types of bacteria
– Escherichia coli
– Uncooked foods
– Contaminated water
– Other sick family members, friends, or people who you have contact with
Stool cultures may be required
If breastfeeding – continue and don’t stop
If formula feeding – continue and also rehydrate as needed
BRAT diet + others
– along with additional nutritional valued foods such as soups,
fluids, and other bland foods
– Yogurt as well
Zinc for children for 2 weeks following episode.
Antibiotics when necessary
Loperamide for diarrhea
Ondansetron for nausea
*** When severe or concerning – visiting with a medical provider may be essential and in
some cases a visit to the hospital may be appropriate.