Gastroenteritis can be referred to as the gastric flu or stomach flu or the tummy bug.

Occurs following an Inflammation or irritation to the Gastrointestinal Tract.

Can involve both the Stomach and Small Intestines.

It may be called the flu of the stomach, but it doesn’t have anything to do with Influenza virus or the Human Flu.

The most common symptom is diarrhea

 

Symptoms:

–  Nausea
–  Vomiting
–  Diarrhea
–  Stomach pain
–  Stomach cramping
–  Decreased of loss of appetite
–  Blood in stools
–  Fatigue
–  Young children may have loss of weight, racing heartbeat, skin color changes and shock symptoms

 

Causes:

1.)  Viruses
2.)  Toxins
3.)  Bacteria
4.)  Parasites
5.)  other causes

Virus are the most common cause

 

Types of viruses:

–  Norovirus  –  50% of cases
–  Rotavirus  –  20% of cases – often seen in children
–  Adenovirus
–  Astrovirus
–  other

 

Types of bacteria

–  Escherichia coli
–  Clostridium
–  Staphylococcus
–  Salmonella
  Shigella
–  others

 

Risk factors:

–  Uncooked foods
–  Contaminated water
–  Other sick family members, friends, or people who you have contact with

Stool cultures may be required

 

Treatment:

Fluids

If breastfeeding – continue and don’t stop

If formula feeding – continue and also rehydrate as needed

BRAT diet + others
–  Bananas
–  Rice
–  Applesauce
–  Toast
–  along with additional nutritional valued foods such as soups,
fluids, and other bland foods
–  Yogurt as well

Zinc for children for 2 weeks following episode.

Antibiotics when necessary
.   Fuoroquinolones
.   Metronidazole
Vancomycin

Loperamide for diarrhea

Bismuth Subsalicylate

Ondansetron for nausea

*** When severe or concerning – visiting with a medical provider may be essential and in
some cases a visit to the hospital may be appropriate.

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