Common Gynecologic Diagnostic Procedures:

With adult woman, reproductive health can be an important part of your overall physical health. When gynecological issues arise, the concern for future health becomes a priority. In some cases, this points to a need for a procedure to identify and treat the problem. Sometimes the condition can be treated with just a change in lifestyle or medications. Sometimes, however, the only option is a minimally invasive procedure or traditional surgery may be required.

The following are some examples of Gynecologic Procedures:

1.)  Colposcopy

–   A procedure that allows for visualization of cervical and vaginal tissue by magnification.
–   Acetic acid can be used to visualize areas considered abnormal which require biopsy

2.)  D&C

–   Dilation of the cervix and curettage, by a metal tool with the goal of removing polyps and other procedures

3.)  Endocervical curettage 

–   Using curette to remove cervical tissue.
–   Used to diagnosis dysplasia and cancer

4.)  Endometrial biopsy

–   A process of removing areas of tissue.

5.)  Hysteroscopy

–   A small scope or camera that can be passed through the cervix.
–   Visualization, biopsy, and tissue removal can be preformed

6.)  Hysterosalpingography

–   An injection into the cervix to improve visualization due to a particular dye. (radiopaque)
–   Typically used to assess fertility difficulties.

7.)  Laparoscopy

–   The passing of a scope or camera into the abdomen or pelvic cavity through a small surgical incision in the skin.
–   Improves diagnostic capabilities and the treatment of many conditions

8.)  Amniocentesis

–   A procedure in which amniotic fluid is removed from the uterus for prenatal testing or treatment.

9.)  Cryocautery

–   A painless procedure to cryo freeze an area on the cervix.

–  This procedure is done to help with excessive vaginal discharge or excessive bleeding after discharge

10.)  Pelvic Floor Repair

–   This procedure is performed to correct pelvic prolapse, when the muscles can no longer support organs in the pelvic area (uterus, vagina, bladder and/or rectum).
–   This procedure intends to treat symptoms related to urinary leakage, discomfort, constipation, problem during intercourse, and others.

–  The procedure helps reconstruct the pelvic floor without the need without a large abdominal incision. Sometimes surgical mesh is to reinforce the weakened vaginal walls.

11.)  Myomectomy

–   Removal of uterine fibroids, precancerous growths within the uterus – helping treat heavy bleeding and pelvic pressure.