Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease is a fairly common condition that is often seen in infants and children.
Much less commonly found in adults.
Is caused by several different viruses of the Picornaviridae family.
A few examples are Coxsackie A virus and Enterovirus 7.
The incubation period for this condition is 3-7 days.
Often passed at school, during playing and other times children get together.
More often seen in the Fall and Summer months but can be seen anytime of the year.
Adults usually have a strong enough immune system to prevent the infection.
Adults with immune problems can present with symptoms of this disease.
- Sores in mouth
- Sores outside mouth
- Sores on hands
- Sores on feet
- Sore throat
- Sores or blisters on buttocks of small children and infants
- Loss of appetite
*** – very small amount of neurological symptoms that may require hospitalization
No specific curative treatment – Time is king!
Keep children hydrated
Mouth washes to prevent pain
Tylenol for fever and IBU for pain
Baths may help reduce temperature.
If symptoms become alarmingly worse – seek medical treatment and evaluation.
Previous Deadly outbreaks – very uncommon
2009 – 17 deaths of children in China and 18 children in a neighboring province – over 115,000 infections
2008 – 42 deaths of children in China – 25,000 infections – March
2006 – 7 deaths in on island of Bornio – Sarawak
1998 – 78 deaths in Taiwan – 1.5 million infected
1997 – 31 deaths on island of Bornio – Sarawak