Increased stress on the cardiac wall causes enlargement
Can occur quickly but often occurs over time.
The left ventricle is usually more involved than the right ventricle of the heart
Is a leading cause for sudden cardiac death in children and young adults who are athletes.
Can be associated with genetics in some cases
Signs and Symptoms
Â Â -Â Â Â Trouble breathing
Â Â -Â Â Â Chest pain
Â Â -Â Â Â Chest discomfort
Â Â -Â Â Â Arrhythmias
Â Â -Â Â Â Sudden death in some athletes
Â Â -Â Â Â Heart murmur
EKG â€“ Shows Levft ventricle hypertrophy.
Â Â Â -Â Â However almost Â¼ of EKGs are normal
Chest X-ray â€“ Is often normal or showing some cardiac enlargement
Echocardiogram is diagnositic and important
Cardiac MRI is often helpful
â€¢Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Beta-Blockers
â€¢Â Â Â Â Â Some patients have a tramatic event even prior to knowing they have an enlarged heart
â€¢Â Â Â Â Â Others do well
â€¢Â Â Â Â Â Most take medication at tolerated for symptoms and to prevent worsening