Lymphoma is a general term used to describe a group of tumors and cancers that begin from Lymphatic cells.

Often portrayed as just cancerous rather than including all the types of cancers.

The most common symptoms are: Enlarged Lymph Nodes and Night sweats

Lymphoma in some cases, may spread to other parts of the body including: Lungs, Liver, and/or Brain.

 

Two main Categories of Lymphoma

1.)  Hodgkin Lymphoma

2.)  Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Dozens of Subtypes

Two additional categories by WHO (World Health Organization): Multiple Myeloma and Immunoproliferative Diseases.

90% of Lymphomas are non-Hodgkin

 

Symptoms

  • Enlarged lymph nodes (Usually painless)
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea
  • Itching of skin
  • Sweating (often at night)
  • Fatigue

 

Risk Factors

Hodgkin Lymphoma

  • Epstein-Barr Virus
  • Genetics

Non-Hodkin Lymphomas

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • HIV
  • Human T-Lymphotropic Virus
  • Some medications (Immunosuppressant)
  • Pesticides
  • Red Meat – may be a risk
  • Other

Diagnosis

  • Physical exam with enlarged lymph nodes
  • Lymph node Biopsy
  • Bone marrow testing
  • Blood work and Urine testing
  • CT/MRI as needed

 

Staging

After diagnosis and before treatment is begun, the cancer must be staged.

This is done between Stage I (confined) and Stage IV (spread).

This is done as it affects prognosis and treatment.

 

Treatment

Chemotherapy

Radiation

Targeted Therapy

Surgery

Plasmapheresis – blood treatment to remove protein.

Watchful waiting – only for some types – not all.

 

Demographics

Hodgkin – 5 year survival is 85%

Non-Hodgkin – 5 year survival is 69%

550,000+ new diagnosis of Lymphoma worldwide was seen in 2012.

300,000+ deaths worldwide were seen in 2012

Lymphoma make up less than 5% of all cancers.

7th most common form of cancer.

3rd most common form of cancer in children.

Occur more often in Developed countries.

 

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