Lymphoma is a general term used to describe a group of tumors and cancers that begin from Lymphatic cells.
Often portrayed as just cancerous rather than including all the types of cancers.
The most common symptoms are: Enlarged Lymph Nodes and Night sweats
Two main Categories of Lymphoma
1.) Hodgkin Lymphoma
2.) Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Dozens of Subtypes
Two additional categories by WHO (World Health Organization): Multiple Myeloma and Immunoproliferative Diseases.
90% of Lymphomas are non-Hodgkin
- Enlarged lymph nodes (Usually painless)
- Weight loss
- Itching of skin
- Sweating (often at night)
- Epstein-Barr Virus
- Autoimmune diseases
- Human T-Lymphotropic Virus
- Some medications (Immunosuppressant)
- Red Meat – may be a risk
- Physical exam with enlarged lymph nodes
- Lymph node Biopsy
- Bone marrow testing
- Blood work and Urine testing
- CT/MRI as needed
After diagnosis and before treatment is begun, the cancer must be staged.
This is done between Stage I (confined) and Stage IV (spread).
This is done as it affects prognosis and treatment.
Plasmapheresis – blood treatment to remove protein.
Watchful waiting – only for some types – not all.
Hodgkin – 5 year survival is 85%
Non-Hodgkin – 5 year survival is 69%
550,000+ new diagnosis of Lymphoma worldwide was seen in 2012.
300,000+ deaths worldwide were seen in 2012
Lymphoma make up less than 5% of all cancers.
7th most common form of cancer.
3rd most common form of cancer in children.
Occur more often in Developed countries.