In normal heart function, the mitral valve opens during contraction of the left atrium of the Heart.
As a result of the contraction, blood flows from the left atrium to the left ventricle
Mitral stenosis is known as a narrowing of the mitral valve.
Stenosis occurs when the valve doesn’t open completely.
This blocks or slows the progress of blood through the chambers of the heart.
This can cause you to feel tired, and short of breath.
If untreated, can cause more stress on the heart and additional complications in the future.
There are 4 main valves in the Heart:
1.) Tricuspid Valve
2.) Pulmonary Valve
3.) Mitral Valve
4.) Aortic Valve
- Rheumatic fever history
- Papillary muscle dysfunction
- Calcification on the valve
- Acterial Endocarditis
- Cardiac murmur
- Edema – swelling in the feet
- Atrial fibrillation
- Shortness of breath
- Chest discomfort
- Chest pain
- Echocardiography/Doppler is essential to confirm the diagnosis
- EKG to see Atrial fibrillation
- Warfin – if atrial fibrillation is present
- Surgery to repair valve (occurs rarely)
- Percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty