pneumocystis

Pneumocystis Pneumonia is a type of Pneumonia that is rarely seen in an individual who is healthy. It was previously known as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

This type of pneumonia is much more common in those affected by HIV or AIDS. It is caused by a yeast-like fungus called Pneumocystis jirovecii. This specific type is found, so far, is only in humans.

Routinely it was the primary cause of death for those with AIDS. It usually becomes far more prevelenant when the CD4 count drops below 200.

Other population that can be affected by Pneumocystis Pneumonia are those with cancer, other immune compromised individuals, and due to certain medications in some cases.

Symptoms

–  Fever
–  Chills
–  Cough – often productive
–  Shortness of breath
–  Dyspnea
–  Weight loss
–  Sweating during the night

Diagnosis

–  X-ray is essential
–  Sputum study to determine cause agent

Treatment

Antibiotics

Trimethoprine + Sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
Trimetrexate
Dapsone
Primaquine
Clindaycin

*** –   Treatment is often for 21 days

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