Pneumocystis Pneumonia is a type of Pneumonia that is rarely seen in an individual who are healthy, but this type of pneumonia is much more common in those affected by HIV or AIDS. This is a serious conditon and requires immediate treatment.
It was previously known as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. It is caused by a yeast-like fungus calledPneumocystis jirovecii. This specific type is found, so far, is only in humans.
Routinely Pneumocystis Pneumonia was the primary cause of death for those with AIDS. This was before the use of more common HIV medications or antivirals. It still can be seen in some countries or when a patient refuses treatment or when treatment is less effective. It usually becomes far more prevalent when the CD4 count drops below 200.
In rare circumstances, other populations or medical conditions can be affected by Pneumocystis Pneumonia. These include, but are not limited to some types of cancer, other immune compromised individuals, and due to certain medications in some cases.
– Cough – often productive
– Shortness of breath
– Weight loss
– Sweating during the night
– X-ray is essential
– Sputum study to determine cause agent
. Trimethoprine + Sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra)
*** – Treatment is often for 21 days