Pre-hypertension is a medical issue that is typically when the blood pressure is slightly above normal but does not yet sound alarms enough for medication to be started.

Therefore it is when a persons blood pressure is elevated above the normal level of 120/80 mm Hg. However, this level is not yet at the level to be considered High Blood pressure or Hypertension.

It is believed that 1/3 of the population is pre-hypertensive. More often seen in men than women. Blood pressure often increases as age increases.

Two numbers that measure blood pressure: Upper Number and Lower Number

1.)  Systolic pressure
2.)  Diastolic pressure

The first (Upper) number:  Systolic is typically between 120 and 139 mm Hg

The second (Lower) number:  Diastolic is typically between 80 and 89 mm Hg

* – These is normal levels

Hypertension

When over blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg – it is considered Hypertension

Treatment is often started when blood pressure is over 140/90.

Treatment of Hypertension may include medication, weight loss, exercise, treatment of stress, and/or pain management.

Causes:

–  Often no specific cause is linked
–  Medications
–  Kidney disease
–  Adrenal problems
–  Thyroid problems
–  Genetics
–  Lack of Exercise
–  Obesity
–  Others

Symptoms

–  Many have no symptoms at all
–  Headache
–  Dizziness
–  Nausea
–  Heart racing
–  Vision changes

Treatment of Prehypertension

–  Diet changes
–  Increase of exercise
–  Weight-loss
–  Low fat diet
–  Low sodium diet
–  High potassium diet

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