Rheumatic Fever is a medical condition that can be seen as an inflammation response following a Strep infection of the throat.
A Strep infection can also be called a Beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection
Cardiac heart valve infections can occur as a result of Rheumatic fever.
It is less common today but can still occur in any ages, but is often seen between ages: 5 – 40.
The most common ages are 5 – 15 years old.
Cases of Rheumatic fever are seen more often in developing countries.
Heart valves can be attacked
- 70% of the cases involve Mitral Valve
- Aortic Valve
- 5 % can be in Tricuspid or Pulmonary Valves
Symptoms and Diagnosis
This can be difficult and is referred to as The Jones Criteria
There are major and minor criteria under the Jones Criteria
- Seen in children and young adults
- Can be seen on EKG
- Develops as congestive heart failure, pericarditis, or enlargement of heart
2.) Erythema marginatum
- Rapidly enlarging rash
- In the shape of rings
- Has clear centers
2.) Subcutaneous nodules
- Rather uncommon
- Small, firm, nodules that are nontender
- Attached to bony areas
- Can last for several days
- Can be reoccurring
3.) Sydenham’s Chorea
- Abnormal movements of the face, tongue, and upper extremities
- Can sometimes be the only symptom
- Girls often show this symptom more often the boys
- Adults rarely
- Least common of the major but often the most helpful
- The pain in joints (Osteoarthritis) moves or migrates
- Adults often have only 1 joint affected
- Can last 1-5 weeks
2.) Change in PR interval
4.) Elevated Sedimentation rate
5.) Elevated CRP rate
- Salicylates for joint pain and fever