rickets

Rickets is a softening of the bones that can lead to fractures and bone deformities.

This condition specifically affects children.

When this condition or the mechanism of this condition affects adults it is referred to as Osteomalacia

This condition is often be seen in developing countries.

Vitamin D deficiency is the most common cause.

Causes:

  • Malnutrition
  • Famine
  • Starvation
  • Inadequate Vitamin D

Symptoms:

  • Dental problems
  • Bone pain
  • Bone tenderness
  • Bone deformity
  • Muscle weakness
  •  Growth changes
  • Soft skull
  • Low calcium
  • others

Diagnosis

  • Blood tests for calcium, phosphorus are necessary
  • X-rays can show affected bones
  • Biopsy of bone occurs and can diagnose, but is done rarely

Treatment

1.)  Increase sunlight exposure

2.)  Increase consumption of vitamin D sources

3.) Vitamin D supplements

***  –  with this condition,  child abuse may be suspected but is often unfounded.

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