seondary hypertension

Secondary Hypertension is a form of elevated blood pressure (Hypertension), a medical condition that is wide spread and can be a potentially deadly disease.

Hypertension (HTN) can be divided into two categories:

1.)  Primary Hypertension

2.)  Secondary Hypertension

Primary

  • Occurs in 90-95% of those individuals with hypertension
  • No specific causes is identifiable

Secondary

  • Occurs in 5% of those individuals with hypertension
  • Several specific causes which therefore, elevated blood pressure becomes a symptom:

Causes of Secondary Hypertension:

1.)  Endocrine diseases

2.)  Kidney diseases

  • Chronic renal failure
  • Kidney disease

3.)  Cancers

4.)  Medication

  • Alcohol
  • Stimulants
  • Hormonal contraception
  • Nasal decongestants
  • others

5.)  Pregnancy

6.)  Obstructive Sleep Apnea

7.)  Neurological disorders

8.)  others

 

Symptoms

  • Many have no symptoms at all
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Heart racing
  • Vision changes

*** –  if hypertension is a secondary cause from another disease then symptoms of that disease are often present as well

 

Differences or characteristics of Secondary Hypertension

  • When onset is younger than age 20
  • When onset is over age 50
  • Not treatable with medications
  • Lack of family history of hypertension
  • Other physical exam findings

Diagnosis

  • Lab tests
  • Urinalysis
  • EKG
  • others

Treatment:

  • Antihypertensive Medications
  • Control or resolution of underlying cause
  • Protection of target organ
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: 8.0/10 (2 votes cast)
VN:F [1.9.22_1171]
Rating: +1 (from 1 vote)
Secondary Hypertension, 8.0 out of 10 based on 2 ratings