swine-flu-virus

The Swine flu is a medical condition that is similar to the flu – it is caused by a type of Influenza virus.

This type of virus from a class of viruses called Orthomyxoviruses.

There are 5 main types of this virus and the swine influenza is a subtype of one of the 5.

Influenza A is the major player in many flu symptoms and epidemics each year and the Swine flu is a type of Influenza A.

As history has shown this type of virus can be very dangerous

Caution should be prudent and the Swine Flu was categorized as a Pandemic in 2009.

 

Swine Flu Virus -the name

  • Some viruses can affect only animals and some affect both animals and humans
  • This specific virus has some Swine DNA and can affect both pigs and humans
  • It can be referred to as Swine-Origin Influenza A (H1N1)
  • Was changed by CDC to Influenza A H1N1 from the Swine Flu

 

Previous Swine Flu Incidents

  • Unfortunately yes
  • The Spanish Flu of 1918 saw the death of over 50 million people due to a Swine influenza
  • It was somewhat different in subtype then the current virus of 2009
  • Influenza C can also be found in swine but is not at risk during this outbreak
  • It is typically rather rare

MEXICO-EPIDEMIC-SWINE FLU

 

Symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Sore Throat
  • Cough
  • Nasal congestion
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting

*** – These are non-specific symptoms and may be another virus or type of infection all together

 

Diagnosis

  •  Real time PT-PCR
  • Rapid Flu –  checks only for Influenza A and Influenza B

 

Other types of influenza virus

1.)   Swine Influenza
2.)  Avian [Bird] Influenza
3.)  Horse Influenza
4.)  Dog Influenza

 

Prevention is the key

  • Wash hands
  • Limit touching face and eyes
  • Limit contact with those who are sick
  • Don’t overreact

tamiflu

 

Vaccination

Vaccines are available currently for the Swine Flu

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the Swine flu vaccine on September 15, 2009

Single dose vaccine is adequate

Protection takes about 10 for adequate antibody production

 

Treatment

Rest

Supportive Care

  • Fluids
  • Sleep
  • Medications for symptoms

Medications

Tamiflu   (Oseltamivir)
Relenza   (Zanamivir

2009 Virus has been found to be resistant to:  Amantadine and Rimantadine

 

Hospitalization

  • Certain patients or individuals symptoms will be beyond that of the “typical” flu outbreak
  • When this occurs – hospitalization visit may be necessary
  • Occurs in approximately 1% of the cases
  • Work closely with your medical provider to determine if this is necessary

References include:

CDC:   http://www.cdc.gov
Wikipedia:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_flu

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