Trichomonas Vaginalis is a type of infection that affects the Vaginal Tract. It is caused by an anaerobic protozoan and is referred to as an STD. It is a common infection that is seen in both men and women.

On average, over 160 million cases are estimated worldwide per year. In North America – around 6 million new cases are estimated each year.

Many of those affected have no symptoms.

Transmission

–  Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan that moves by a flagellum.
–  This is sort of like a tail and it propels the protozoan.
–  This is a sexually transmitted disease.
–  Condoms are helpful at reducing the incidence but the protection is not absolute

Symptoms

–  Vaginitis in Women
–  Vaginal discharge
–  Cramping
–  Abdominal pain
–  Urinary pain
–  Urinary frequency
–  Strawberry Cervix – redness on cervix due to capillary dilation
–  Urethritis in Men
–  Discharge
–  Urinary pain
–  Abdominal pain

Complications of this Condition

1.)  Preterm Delivery
2.)  Low Birth Weight
3.)  Increased risk to HIV, AIDs, and Cervical Cancer

Diagnosis

–  This is typically found when a pap smear is done.
–  When studying genital discharge – a false reading can be seen.
–  Wet mount is required and helpful in diagnosis

Treatment

1.)  Metronidazole  (Flagyl)

2.)  Tinidazole (Tindamax)

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