Trichomonas Vaginalis is a type of infection that affects the Vaginal Tract.

It is caused by an anaerobic protozoan and is referred to as an STD.

It is a common infection that is seen in both men and women.

On average, over 160 million cases are estimated worldwide per year.

In North America – around 6 million new cases are estimated each year.

Many of those affected have no symptoms.

Transmission

  • Trichomonas vaginalis is a protozoan that moves by a flagellum.
  • This is sort of like a tail and it propels the protozoan.
  • This is a sexually transmitted disease.
  • Condoms are helpful at reducing the incidence but the protection is not absolute

Symptoms

  • Vaginitis in Women
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Cramping
  • Abdominal pain
  • Urinary pain
  • Urinary frequency
  •  Strawberry Cervix – redness on cervix due to capillary dilation
  • Urethritis in Men
  • Discharge
  • Urinary pain
  • Abdominal pain

Complications of this Condition

1.)  Preterm Delivery
2.)  Low Birth Weight
3.)  Increased risk to HIV, AIDs, and Cervical Cancer

Diagnosis

  • This is typically found when a pap smear is done.
  • When studying genital discharge – a false reading can be seen.
  • Wet mount is required and helpful in diagnosis

Treatment

1.)  Metronidazole  (Flagyl)

2.)  Tinidazole (Tindamax)

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