There are 4 main valves in the Heart:
1.) Tricuspid Valve
2.) Pulmonary Valve
3.) Mitral Valve
4.) Aortic Valve
The primary cause is almost always by Rheumatic Fever.
Other causes include carcinoid syndrome, from birth (congenital), endocarditis, and others.
This condition can lead to a worsening of the heart function as well as Atrial Fibrillation.
- Atrial Fibrillation
- Heart murmur [Diastolic]
- Right sided heart failure
- Echocardiography/Doppler is essential to confirm the diagnosis
- Heart Catheterization
- ECG may be beneficial.
- Surgery to replace the valve
- Balloon valvuloplasty in children or infants to stretch the valve