cough

Whooping Cough is a coughing disease that is easily passed from one child to another.

It can be referred to as Pertussis

In some countries it is called – the cough of a 100 days

It is often caused by a bacteria called Bordetella pertussis

Often seen in both children and infants.

But it is becoming diagnosed in adults – which is typically a rare finding of this disease.

The main symptom of cough in children can be characterized by a high pitched – whooping cough.

It is covered in childhood and adult  vaccines – DTP and DTaP

The prevalence in the U.S – Most often ages are prior to 6 months and 11 years to 18.

One theorized reason for this – is that these ages are either prior to the vaccination and when the vaccine might be wearing off.

****90% of all cases occur in Third World Countries

The primary reason for this is the availability or presence of the vaccination.

It is estimated that worldwide – some 49 million individuals are affected resulting in just less than 300,000 deaths every year.

Each year – the vaccination saves more than 500,000 people.

Symptoms

  • Dry Cough  [initial cough]
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Fever
  • Whoop-like cough is often seen in fits of 5-10 and can last up to 1 minute
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Fatigue
  • Weight-loss

Coughing mucus onto another person is often the mode of transmission

Symptoms begin to arise up to several weeks after initial contact with someone with whooping cough

But other contact with mucus can be a mode of transmission

Diagnosis

  • Usually done through culture of nasal swabs
  • Bacteria can only be found in first 3 weeks

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Vaccination

  • Helps initiate immunity
  • Does not last a lifetime
  • Booster shots are often required
  • Vaccine was developed in 1925
  • 1942 was added with diphtheria and tetanus

Treatment

  • Contact medical provider when symptoms become worse or when you suspect whooping cough or when your child has been around someone with whooping cough and your child begins to have symptoms.
  • Steroids to improve breathing

Antibiotics

  • Erythromycin
  • Azithromycin
  • Clarithromycin
  • Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

Home treatment may include:

  • Plenty of fluids
  • Plenty of rest
  • Cough syrup – depending on age


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