Genital warts are a skin change, often raised areas of flesh, that can be found in the genital area and in the surrounding tissues.
Genital warts can also be called Condylomata Acuminata. Often they are an area that is raised with hardness or roundness of the skin.
BEWARE – they can be misdiagnosed as several other potential similar findings.
Genital warts can also be found in the mouth, chin, lips, fingers, and throat following oral sex. This is often a rare finding.
What are Genital Warts Caused From?
Genital warts are bumps of skin changes often found in the genital area of both men and women. They are caused by a sexually transmitted virus called HPV or Human papillomavirus.
Types 6 and 11 cause almost 90% of all genital warts. ***
There are over 250 different types of HPV exist. HPV is transmitted through sexual contact. Warts on the Vaginal Walls or Cervix may be visualized on its own or seen after Colposcopy and added acetic acid.
*** – These lesions may be associated with cervical dysplasia and Cervical Cancer.
Types 16 and 18 cause 70% of cervical cancers but typically does not cause genital warts.
1.) Prophylactic vaccination for cervical cancer exists called GardasilTM.
2.) Gardasil currently prevents against strains 6,11,16 and 18.
– It is recommended for women 11 to 26.
3.) Cervarix another medication should be approved soon which covers 16 and 18.
1.) Podophyllum resin in tincture of benzoin
– Podophyllum – should not be used during pregnancy
2.) Imiquimod (Aldara)
3.) Freezing liquid nitrogen
– 5-fluorouracil – should not be used while trying to get pregnant and should not be used by someone who could become pregnant
5.) Laser treatment