glucometer

This is a very complicated and life threatening condition.

The risks, consequences, and potential complications of diabetes is very serious and medication, doctor visits, healthy eating, exercise, are all required in the treatment and management of this condition.

It is also known as Diabetes Mellitus

It is a medical condition that largely affects metabolism.

The main three symptoms (though there are more) of diabetes are:  1.) frequent urination (polyuria), 2.) increased thirst (polydipsia) and 3.)  increased hunger (polyphagia).

High levels of blood sugar or glucose is at the center of this condition.

High blood glucose is also called hyperglycemia.

Glucose, from what we eat, circulates in the blood, waiting to be allowed into the cells and tissues of the body.

Insulin combines with glucose and the molecule is then allowed into the cell where it is used as energy.

Insulin is produced in the pancreas.

In other cases, the problem may not be directly related to the pancreas lack of production of insulin but rather the body’s inability to process or use insulin properly.

In essence the body is not responding to the insulin in the blood stream.

Diabetes is a group of diseases that have a similar problem or action.

Types of Diabetes include:

1.)   Diabetes Mellitus Type 1
2.)   Diabetes Mellitus Type 2
3.)   Gestational Diabetes

type-1

Diabetes Type 1

Is one of the forms of Diabetes Mellitus

Also known as “juvenile“, “childhood“, and “insulin-dependant” diabetes.

This is primarily as result of an autoimmune disease – body attacking oneself.

Pancreas cells, where insulin is produced, are often destroyed

Children are often affected by type 1 diabetes, but, adults can also be affected.

Symptoms of Type 1

-    Glucose in urine   [Glycosuria]
-    Increased frequency to urinate
-    Increased thirst
-    Weight loss
-    Fatigue

Causes:

-     Overall cause is generally unknown

Diabetic Diet
     -     Moderation of carbohydrates
-     Moderation of caloric intake
-     Glycemic index
-     Low Carb diet

Insulin is required as a treatment in almost all cases.

If insulin is not given – consequences and complications are almost always seen.

 

main_symptoms_of_diabetesDiabetes Type 2

Is another form of Diabetes Mellitus

Also called or referred to as “adult-onset diabetes”.

This is fundamentally different then type 1 diabetes

Involvement of diabetes type 1 is associated with a resistance to insulin or a decrease in sensitivity to glucose

Potential causes:
-   Obesity
-   Age
-   Genetics
-   Environmental exposures

Treatment is several oral medications and occasionally insulin is required

 

 

Gestational Diabetes

It is very similar to Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

Is when the glucose tolerance of the women is abnormal due to pregnancy or during pregnancy.

Therefore, if an individual is diabetic prior to pregnancy - then they would not be considered to have gestational diabetes.

Although the individual may not be aware that they have diabetes prior to pregnancy and are learning about it during their pregnancy.

Occurs only during pregnancy and can be seen in up to 5% of all pregnancies.

Symptoms and problems tend to resolve once the baby is delivered.

May lead to induction of labor or cesarean section.

 

Treatment for Diabetes

Is largely dependent on type of diabetes

-  Insulin for type 1 and 2

-  Oral medications for type 2

-  Delivery of fetus for gestational

Exercise and dieting can drastically improve the risks and complications that are associated with diabetes.

There is no cure for diabetes

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